About your Search

20120926
20121004
STATION
MSNBCW 33
LANGUAGE
English 33
Search Results 0 to 32 of about 33 (some duplicates have been removed)
...by the bowlful? campbell's soups give you nutrition, energy, and can help you keep a healthy weight. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. [ femala $100 cream. we were flattered when regenerist beat flabbergasted when we creamed a $500 cream. for about $30 regenerist micro-sculpting cream hydrates better than over 20 of america's most expensive luxury creams. fantastic. phenomenal. regenerist. for the spender who needs a little help saving. for adding "& sons." for the dreamer, planning an early escape. for the mother of the bride. for whoever you are, for whatever you're trying to achieve, pnc has technology, guidance, and over 150 years of experience to help you get there. ♪ >>> welcome back to "first look." i'm veronica de la cruz. here are some of the top stories making news this morning. at least 26 people were killed in coordinated bombings across iraq yesterday. that brought the iraqi death toll in the month of september to nearly 200. >>> iran's official news agency was taken in by the satire of the onion and ran their phony news story as if it were a real news item. the agency
? by the barrelful? the carful? how about...by the bowlful? campbell's soups give you nutrition, energy, and can help you keep a healthy weight. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. wouldn't it be nice if there was an easier, less-expensive option than using a traditional lawyer? well, legalzoom came up with a better way. we took the best of the old and combined it with modern technology. together you get quality services on your terms, with total customer support. legalzoom documents have been accepted in all 50 states, and they're backed by a 100% satisfaction guarantee. so go to legalzoom.com today and see for yourself. it's law that just makes sense. to prove that febreze car vent clips could eliminate the odor. [ woman ] take a deep breath, tell me what you smell. something fresh. a clean house. [ woman ] take your blindfolds off. oh!! hahahaha!!! [ male announcer ] febreze car. eliminates odors, so you can breathe happy. [ male announcer ] febreze car. you know it can be hard to lbreathe, and how that feels.e, copd includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. spiriva helps control my copd s
. by the armful? by the barrelful? the carful? how about...by the bowlful? campbell's soups give you nutrition, energy, and can help you keep a healthy weight. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. campbell's. "there's stylish." "there's functional." "and then, there's both." "erika tsubaki is a big fan of both." "that's what she and her team had in mind when they designed the all new ford escape." "with more cargo space than before, wrapped in a brand new body." "the tech-savvy, ready-for-adventure, all new, twenty thirteen ford escape." "it's what happens when you go further." >>> when president obama and governor romney take the stage in denver tomorrow, it's going to be their first time meeting in -- first face-to-face meeting in nearly five years. what is governor romney's strategy? joining me, romney campaign senior adviser kevin madden. looks beautiful out there. can't wait to get to denver tonight. >> beautiful denver, colorado. it's wonderful. >> let's talk about your strategy. this is obviously very, very important for governor romney. he's been rehearsing and rehearsing. what d
to campbellskitchen.com for recipes, plus a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >>> the website realclearpolitics is one of the places that aggregates poll numbers and offers averages for how specific races are going and specific states. based on those averages realclearpolitics changed its ranking of five different u.s. senate races. since the end of the democratic convention. prior to the convention, they listed these three states as leaning republican in senate races. they listed arizona and nevada and wisconsin as all leaning republican. well, now those are all moved into the tossup category. they no longer lean republican. now who knows. before the democratic convention, the two states that -- the two states they had considered tossups, too close to call, were ohio and michigan. well, now they have been shifted into the leans democratic category. so they've shifted five senate race since the conventions and all of the shifts have been toward the democrats. a political scientist named larry sabido at the university of virginia also promised probably the most
, plus a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >>> in the great swing state of virginia, the latest polling shows republican george allen and democrat tim cain tied in their race for u.s. senate. not virtually tied, actually tied. they both have 44% democrats dropped a new ad hitting republican george allen for his own voting record on women's rights issue, tying him to the anti-abortion record of virginia's governor this year. personhood and ultrasound bills advance in house. democrats think it's a good strategy in campaigning against any republican in virginia to just remind everyone that that's the kind of stuff virginia republicans have been up to lately. personhood rights for fertilized eggs and banning contraception. you will see republicans are facing a real problem with women voters. the latest polling in virginia in the presidential rate shows president obama up by 2 points. but check out the numbers for women voters. 18. president obama up by 18. a new suffolk university poll out this week asked about the forced ultrasound law passed by republicans
-- >> that is extraordinary. what about this is kind of a bummer campbell's soup company, the american classic, is downsizing. >> that is something i know very much about. because i ate that all when i was young. right now, people aren't eating soup. and analysts that i was speaking to on facebook last night were saying that it has a lot to do with the weather. but really, soup consumption has dropped for canned soup 13% in the last decade. now, the campbell's soup plant in sacramento is closing. it's the oldest plant. it was opened in 1947. they're getting rid of 700 jobs. and another plant in new jersey is getting rid of 27 jobs. that was actually a spice plant that they had. >> all right. thank you. kind of bummer news. >> bummer. >> hitha we'll see you again. thank you. consumer confidence is up. do you feel better about the economy? you can talk to me on twitter, my handle is @alex witt. i'm going to read your tweets throughout the day. in this morning's one-minute playback. oops my bad. our friends at late night with jimmy fallon have a little segment called late night hash tags. jimmy was inspired by
about...by the bowlful? campbell's soups give you nutrition, energy, and can help you keep a healthy weight. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. i've got a nice long life ahead. big plans. so when i found out medicare doesn't pay all my medical expenses, i got a medicare supplement insurance plan. [ male announcer ] if you're eligible for medicare, you may know it only covers about 80% of your part b medical expenses. the rest is up to you. call and find out about an aarp medicare supplement insurance plan, insured by unitedhealthcare insurance company. like all standardized medicare supplement plans, it could save you thousands in out-of-pocket costs. call now to request your free decision guide. i've been with my doctor for 12 years. now i know i'll be able to stick with him. you'll be able to visit any doctor or hospital that accepts medicare patients. plus, there are no networks, and you never need a referral. see why millions of people have already enrolled in the only medicare supplement insurance plans endorsed by aarp. don't wait. call now. >>> for the "news nation" gu
for 100 years if they could have the white house. this is "hardball," the place for politics. campbell's soups give you nutrition, energy, and can help you keep a healthy weight. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 at schwab, we're committed to offering you tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 low-cost investment options-- tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 like our exchange traded funds, or etfs tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 which now have the lowest tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 operating expenses tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 in their respective tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 lipper categories. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 lower than spdr tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 and even lower than vanguard. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 that means with schwab, tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 your portfolio has tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 a better chance to grow. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 and you can trade all our etfs online, tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 commission-free, from your schwab account. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 so let's talk about saving money, tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 with schwab etfs. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 schwab etfs now
? the carful? how about...by the bowlful? campbell's soups give you nutrition, energy, and can help you keep a healthy weight. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >>> still ahead, eric cantor and the gang just love pushing that right wing agenda of theirs. but voters, yeah, let's just say they didn't find it as charming. now the gop's running from their record. vo: tough on china? not mitt romney. when a flood of chinese tires threatened a thousand american jobs... it was president obama who stood up to china and protected american workers. mitt romney attacked obama's decision... said standing up to china was "bad for the nation and our workers." how can mitt romney take on the cheaters... when he's taking their side? >>> two years ago the tea party rolled into washington, confident, they were pushing their far right agenda. they strutted. they bragged. they acted like they owned the joint. well, guess what? they're singing a different tune now. in fact, they're trying to hide. in a debate last night, eric cantor ran away from his own record on budget sequester, which cuts over $1 tr
happiness? by the armful? by the barrelful? the carful? how about...by the bowlful? campbell's soups give you nutrition, energy, and can help you keep a healthy weight. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. [ male announcer ] from our nation's networks... ♪ ...to our city streets... ♪ ...to skies around the world... ♪ ...northrop grumman's security solutions are invisibly at work, protecting people's lives... [ soldier ] move out! [ male announcer ] ...without their even knowing it. that's the value of performance. >>> and now to my post-script. if predictions are correct, tonight's 90-minute showdown at the co corral will feature a volley of zingers, whammy, got yous, jabs, sizzlers, possibly it will feature a substantive discussion of the role of the american social compact. something the republican party has shown a keen interest in changing if not entirely overhauling but only possibly. if there is one request i might humbly make of mitt romney, the man most likely to come armed with the goch chas and zingers, it is this, think better of the people to whom you are speaking.
. delicious and wholesome. some combinations were just meant to be. tomato soup from campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. begins with back pain and a choice. take advil, and maybe have to take up to four in a day. or take aleve, which can relieve pain all day with just two pills. good eye. >>> a new round of political fire over the past couple days. republicans bashing the president for his handling of the libya attack that killed a u.s. ambassador and three other americans. >> the white house line is you heard the president say. osama bin laden is dead. al qaeda's done. everything's fine in the middle east. this obviously contradicts that campaign slogan. >> their response was slow. it was confused, it was inconsistent. the problem is it's part of a bigger picture of the fact that the obama foreign policy is unraveling literally before our eyes on our tv screens. >> i'm joined now by john fieri. john, do republicans believe this is an issue that's going to move the needle? >> that's a good question. i don't think it's going to by and large drive people to the polls. but it's more about
to campbellskitchen.com for recipes, plus a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. with less chronic osteoarthritis pain. imagine living your life with less chronic low back pain. imagine you, with less pain. cymbalta can help. cymbalta is fda-approved to manage chronic musculoskeletal pain. one non-narcotic pill a day, every day, can help reduce this pain. tell your doctor right away if your mood worsens, you have unusual changes in mood or behavior or thoughts of suicide. antidepressants can increase these in children, teens, and young adults. cymbalta is not approved for children under 18. people taking maois or thioridazine or with uncontrolled glaucoma should not take cymbalta. taking it with nsaid pain relievers, aspirin, or blood thinners may increase bleeding risk. severe liver problems, some fatal, were reported. signs include abdominal pain and yellowing skin or eyes. tell your doctor about all your medicines, including those for migraine and while on cymbalta, call right away if you have high fever, confusion and stiff muscles or serious allergic skin reactions lik
.j. ramberg. or best-ever meatloaf. go to campbellskitchen.com for recipes, plus a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. side by side so you get the same coverage, often for less. that's one smart board. what else does it do, reverse gravity? [ laughs ] [ laughs ] [ whooshing ] tell me about it. why am i not going anywhere? you don't believe hard enough. a smarter way to shop around. now that's progressive. call or click today. [ grunting ] like a squirrel stashes nuts, you may be muddling through allergies. try zyrtec® liquid gels. nothing starts working faster than zyrtec® at relieving your allergy symptoms for 24 hours. zyrtec®. love the air. >>> they have got ideas. they are ambitious. they are tomorrow's successful entrepreneurs. find out how northwestern university is nurturing future small business owners young and old coming up second on a special education nation of "your business."
noodles and bite sized chicken, nothing brings you together like chicken noodle soup from campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. [ male announcer ] how do you turn an entrepreneur's dream... ♪ into a scooter that talks to the cloud? ♪ or turn 30-million artifacts... ♪ into a high-tech masterpiece? ♪ whatever your business challenge, dell has the technology and services to help you solve it. since then, there's been one wedding, 2 kids, and 43 bottles of olay total effects. so in spite of 185 tantrums 378 pre-dawn starts and a lot of birthdays, caroline still looks amazing. you can challenge what's possible thanks to the trusted performance of olay. 60 years, millions of women, real results. 60 years, millions of women, i'm bara ck o bama and i approve romney: "it's time to stand up to the cheaters" vo: tough on china? not mitt romney. when a flood of chinese tires threatened a thousand american jobs... it was president obama who stood up to china and protected american workers. mitt romney attacked obama's decision... said standing up to china was "bad for the nation and our
news from campbell's soup, we all grew up eating campbell's chicken noodle but times, they are changing, melissa. we will send it back to you. >>> up next, our foot soldier of the week is putting starfish back in the ocean. does your phone give you all day battery life ? droid does. and does it launch apps by voice while learning your voice ? launch cab4me. droid does. keep left at the fork. does it do turn-by-turn navigation ? droid does. with verizon, america's largest 4g lte network, and motorola, droid does. get $100 off select motorola 4g lte smartphones like the droid razr. so it can feel like you're using nothing at all. but neosporin® eczema essentials™ is different. its multi-action formula restores visibly healthier skin in 3 days. neosporin® eczema essentials™. >>> have you ever heard the motivational story of the little girl and the starfish? goes something like this. a little girl is wandering along a beach. and she sees thousands of starfish but they've washed ashore. she picks one up and throws it into the ocean. an old man walks by and asks her, why are you wasting
a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. who have used androgel 1%, there's big news. presenting androgel 1.62%. both are used to treat men with low testosterone. androgel 1.62% is from the makers of the number one prescribed testosterone replacement therapy. it raises your testosterone levels, and... is concentrated, so you could use less gel. and with androgel 1.62%, you can save on your monthly prescription. [ male announcer ] dosing and application sites between these products differ. women and children should avoid contact with application sites. discontinue androgel and call your doctor if you see unexpected signs of early puberty in a child, or, signs in a woman which may include changes in body hair or a large increase in acne, possibly due to accidental exposure. men with breast cancer or who have or might have prostate cancer, and women who are, or may become pregnant or are breast feeding should not use androgel. serious side effects include worsening of an enlarged prostate, possible increased risk of prostate cancer, lower sperm count, swelling of ankles,
-ever meatloaf. go to campbellskitchen.com for recipes, plus a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. made gluten-free cereals in a bunch of yummy flavors. like cinnamon chex, honey nut chex, and chocolate chex... we're in cereal heaven. so thanks. from the mcgregors, 'cause we love chex. >> this is the march of our time. marching door to door registering people to vote. marching everyone you know to the polls every single election. this is the sit-in of our day. sitting in a phone bank, sitting in your living room calling everyone you know, your friends, your neighbors, that nephew you haven't seen in a while, that class mate you haven't spoken to in years, making sure they all know how to register, where to vote. every year, in every election. >> that was first lady michelle obama at the congressional black caucus saturday night calling on the audience to get out to vote. today celebrities took to social media and activists took to the street with the same message for voter registration day. in 2008 about 6 million americans didn't vote because they missed the registrat
chicken noodle soup from campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >>> the republicans couldn't run away from him fast enough. today, the gop just loves the guy. that's how desperate they are. that story next. >>> republicans have a todd akin problem. he's the missouri senator candidate who six weeks ago created a controversy with comments about so-called legitimate rape. he's speaking out against women again in a town hall meeting. last week, last thursday to be exact, he was asked if it it's okay for women to be paid less than a man. >> if somebody wants to hire somebody and they agree on a salary, that's fine, however it wants to work. >> that's fine. fine to pay women less than men for doing the same work? for weeks republicans tried to push akin out of the race. now they are stuck with it. but here's the gop problem. mr. akin says out loud what they believe. making akin a campaign issue. >> some things you have to draw a line. it's just too extreme, like ann marie buerkle. she co-sponsored a bill that would redefine rape for only forceable rape, women that were drugged or minors of
together like chicken noodle soup from campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >>> our next guest claims both parties are to blame for failing to making scientific advances. we're talking about clean energy to space to stem-cell research to name a few. can science stay objective out of politics? alex is co-author of science left behind, feel good fallacies in the rise of the anti-scientific left. welcome. >> thank you for having me on. >> sure. you argue here that for all of the talk about republicans being the enemy of science, anti-scientific rhetoric is a by partisan project. tell me how you came to this opinion that democrats are not necessarily the party of science. >> well, on a whole host of issues, so as you know, on the right the conservatives are wrong on evolution and on climate change, and there's this it media narrative that somehow anti-science believes are unique to the right side of the political spectrum. what i found through reading a lot of science is basically that the left side also has some pet ideas not lining up with the scientific mainstream. for instance, opposi
and wholesome. some combinations were just meant to be. tomato soup from campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >>> the presidential candidates are prepping for tomorrow's big debate. joe biden in north carolina and paul ryan on a bus tour in iowa. last night he was in dubuque. the first time at a public campaign event he delivered this line. >> the choice is clear, and here is what we are doing. we are entering the debate phase, the choice phase of this campaign. this choice is ever so clear. >> speaking of choice, has mitt romney's choice of paul ryan paid off? let's ask republican strategist and former gingrich campaign senior advisor david winston and nbc latino contributor, a senior fellow at the university of texas. good morning to both of you. will mitt romney have to and be able to defend paul ryan's budget plan at the debate tomorrow? >> clearly, the selection of paul ryan was an intent to give, sort of fill out this alternative. how was mitt romney going to be an alternative to whatever president obama's policies were. that was a strategic shift from it being just simply a referen
to campbellskitchen.com for recipes, plus a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. if. >>> on saturday mitt romney had to present a bold idea. >> when you have a fire in an aircraft, there's no place to go exactly. there's no place -- you can't find any oxygen from outside the aircraft to get in the aircraft because the windows don't open. i don't know why they don't do that. >> just as kennedy challenged a man to go to the moon, not because it is easy, but because it is impossible. >> back to "hardball." once again, mitt romney, if you heard them there, proves to be one of the only people on earth, earthlings, who says aircraft when he's talking about a plane he's been on. with today's republican candidate in mind let's bounce back to the 1951 sci-fi "the day the earth stood still" when an alien touches down on earth. here's a refresher. >> i came here to give you these facts, but if you threaten to extend your violence, this earth of yours will be reduced to a burned out cinder. >> i don't know about you, but i can't help but see mitt romney there. let's take a look
a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >>> welcome back to "the ed show." thanks for watching tonight. mitt romney held a manufacturing roundtable in bedford heights, ohio, today and he welcomed to the stage someone who was well known to many americans. mike rowe of "dirty jobs" on the discovery channel, and you may also know him from the ford television commercials. today he shared the stage with romney without actually endorsing him. >> he is nonpartisan, he's not here to endorse me, he's not here to add support to one campaign or another. he's here to talk about his ideas. >> sure. mr. rowe did offer some ideas, and he talked about the kinds of people he cares about. >> the people who keep the lights on, the people who allow the toilets to work, the people who pick up roadkill, the people who paint the bridges, the people who farm, the people who mine. >> it's safe to say there is a candidate for president who cares about those very same people. but it's not the candidate rowe was sharing the stage with today. rowe talked about putting these people back to work
.com for recipes, plus a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. now we need a little bit more... a little bit more vanilla? this is great! [ male announcer ] at humana, we believe there's never been a better time to share your passions... because the results... are you having fun doing this? yeah. that's a very nice cake! [ male announcer ] well, you can't beat them. [ giggles ] ohh! you got something huh? whoa... [ male announcer ] humana understands the value of spending time together that's a lot of work getting that one in! let's go see the birdies. [ male announcer ] one on one, sharing what you know. let's do it grandpa. that's why humana agents will sit down with you, to listen and understand what's important to you. it's how we help you choose the right humana medicare plan for you. because when your medicare is taken care of, you can spend more time sharing your passions. wow. [ giggles ] [ male announcer ] with the people who matter most. i love you grandpa! i love you grandma! now you're a real fisherman. [ male announcer ] humana. [ chanting ] >>> and we
. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. droid does. and does it launch apps by voice while learning your voice ? launch cab4me. droid does. keep left at the fork. does it do turn-by-turn navigation ? droid does. with verizon, america's largest 4g lte network, and motorola, droid does. get $100 off select motorola 4g lte smartphones like the droid razr. >>> welcome back to "the ed show." congressman todd akin, well, he has struck again. this time, the republican senate candidate demeaned his opponent, senator claire mccaskill. akin told "the kansas city star," "i think we have a clear path to victory and apparently claire mccaskill thinks we do, too, because she was very aggressive at the debate which was quite different than it was when she ran against jim talen. she had a confidence and was much more ladylike in 2006. but in the debate on friday she came on swinging and i think that's because she feels threatened." republicans are trying to ignore akin's latest sexist comment. an rnc spokesperson said "i think it's best if the nrsc weighs in on these questions because we're so focused o
a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >>> up next, new details about mitt romney's past investments in china. >>> and later george w. bush is staying away from the campaign trail, but his trip to the cayman islands could be a headache for mitt. >>> when i was back in my private equity days we went to china to buy a factory there. and, boy, about 20,000 people, and they work in these huge factories. they make various small appliances. and as we were walking to this facility, seeing them work, the number of hours they work for days. what they earned, living in dormitories with the little bathrooms at the end, maybe ten rooms. in the rooms they had 12 girls per room. three bunk beds on top of each other. >> welcome back to "the ed show." you know, mitt romney never specifies what factory he's talking about in that clip from the fund-raising dinner in florida, but his account of visiting that factory is renewing interest in his investments in china. and a new report finds the conditions you just heard mitt romney describe, the long hour, the low wages, the dormitories
to campbellskitchen.com for recipes, plus a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. but i'm still stubbed up. [ male announcer ] truth is, nyquil doesn't unstuff your nose. what? [ male announcer ] alka-seltzer plus liquid gels speeds relief to your worst cold symptoms plus has a decongestant for your stuffy nose. thanks. that's the cold truth! >>> and in "the big finish" tonight, mitt romney is flooding the airwaves promising to get tough on china and president obama is getting tough on mitt. in the past 30 days, 60% of mitt romney's tv advertising has addressed trade with china. he's run 19,000 bogus commercials just like this one. >> china is stealing american ideas and technology. everything from computers to fighter jets. seven times obama could have taken action. seven times he said no. >> president obama has fought back with his own barrage of ads on china. >> day one, president romney stands up to china. >> but would he? "the washington post" has just revealed that romney's companies were pioneers in shipping u.s. jobs overseas. romney's never stood up to china. all he's e
were just meant to be. tomato soup from campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >>> welcome back. time for what now? even though governor chris christie said the gop should not give its support to senate candidate todd akin some are changing their minds about the missouri congressman and offering him support now that his name cannot be removed from the ballot. this has been a big 180 for the gop, ryan. santorum is saying that the entire gop needs to get behind akin. roy blount, who initially called for akin to step aside is saying voters will overlook akin's comments and vote for him. the "the huffington post" publication, has an interesting piece this morning where akin is responding to a question about voting against the lilly ledbetter act and saying it's all part of free enterprise and it's about freedom not paying women as much as men. >> that was the argument that was made against the civil rights act too, it's your business, you can do whatever you want with it. but i don't think it's that surprising that some republicans are coming back behind akin here. parties are gener
. campbell's soup, the classic, the one that we all grew up with, they're having troubles. >> right. well, sam bell's soup is closing down one of their oldest plants in sacramento, displacing 700 workers. now, they've been trying to revamp their image, bring in a younger look and feel. they do have product -- they have brand extension with their products. but they also tried to acquire both house farms which is a juicemaker for $1.5 billion. didn't help. soup consumption has been down 13% over the last decade. and we're probably going to see more of that as campbell's soup as we continue through the year. >> at least it's wintertime. people want soup then, i hope. thank you so much. >>> my buddy craig melvin is here with a preview of what's coming up next. what you got? >> hey there, alex. i love soup. i hope it comes back. >> i do, too. >> with everyone playing the expectations game with the upcoming presidential debates, we are going to talk to mitt romney's former debate coach to find out what the republican nominee is doing behind closed doors this weekend. also, there is someone that
Search Results 0 to 32 of about 33 (some duplicates have been removed)